History of Sciences


Teaching Staff: Poulos Marios
Course Code: GEN001001
Field: General Core
Course Category: General Background
Course Type: Compulsory
Course Level: Undergraduate
Course Language: Greek
Delivery method: Face to face
Semester: 7th
ECTS: 4
Total Hours: 3
E Class Page: https://opencourses.ionio.gr/modules/auth/opencourses.php?fc=26
Short Description:

Defining the “History of the sciences”. The beginnings of science in Ancient Greece. The sciences during the Byzantine period. Scientific Revolution (17th century). The periods of Renaissance and Humanism. The contribution of typography. Copernicus, Kepler, Galileo, Newton. Theories, measuring instruments, experiment. The evolution in human sciences. Philosophy of Science. The role of the Universities. Science and Technology. Art and science. Ethics of science and scientific boundaries. The evolution of sciences in the Greek space.

Objectives - Learning Outcomes:

The aim is to understand the boundaries of each science and, on the other hand, to realize interdisciplinarity in the approach of scientific-social challenges.

Upon successful completion of the course, the student will be able to know the main points of the historical development of the sciences, which will create the necessary scientific ethics and modesty.

Syllabus:

Week #1: Determination of the basic terms: "Science", "History", "History of Sciences" and "University".

Week #2: Sciences in the Ancient Hellenistic World.

Week #3: Sciences in the Byzantine era. The Holy Fathers and Great Teachers as scientists.

Week #4: Scientific Revolution (17th century).

Week #5: The attitude of the Roman Catholic Church towards Science and Scientists (Copernicus, Kepler, Galileo etc.).

Week #6: Newton. Theories, measuring instruments, experiment (scientific method).

Week #7: Evolution in human sciences.

Week #8: Philosophy of Science.

Week #9: The Role of Universities.

Week #10: Science and Technology. Art and Science.

Week #11: Ethics of science and scientific boundaries.

Week #12: The evolution of the sciences in the Greek space.

Week #13: Sciences in the modern world.

Suggested Bibliography:
  • Κώστας Γαβρόγλου, Το παρελθόν των Επιστημών ως Ιστορία, Πανεπιστημιακές Εκδόσεις Κρήτης, Ηράκλειο 2004.
  • Stephen Shapin, Η Επιστημονική Επανάσταση, μετ. Ηλίας Καρκάνης, Κάτοπτρο, Αθήνα 2003.
  • C.C. Gillispie, Στην κόψη του αλήθειας. Η εξέλιξη των επιστημονικών ιδεών από τον Γαλιλαίο ως τον Eistein, μετ. Δημοσθένης Κούρτοβικ, Μ.Ι.Ε.Τ., Αθήνα
Teaching Methods:

Optional Papers.

New Technologies:

-

Evaluation Methods:

Written examination.


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