Introduction to the history of cultures and art
Teaching Staff: Pappas Theodoros, Pavlogiannis Onoufrios-Spyridon
Course Code: MUS100
Course Category: Specific Background
Course Type: Compulsory
Course Level: Undergraduate
Course Language: Greek
Delivery method: Face to face
Total Hours: 3
E Class Page: https://opencourses.ionio.gr/modules/auth/opencourses.php?fc=26
At the first part of the course is being examined the birth and development of the terms “Civilization” and “Culture” and also their relation to human sciences (sociology, anthropology, economics, psychology) but mainly to history. The second part focuses on the duration, the curves and the structures of cultures followed by the reference to the long periods of time, but also to the events and episodes of history. This demonstrates the process of cultural evolution through the distinctive peculiarities of the different societies of the past and the present but also provides the connection with the creations of spirit and art. Then this course attempts to narrate the history of art - architecture, sculpture and painting - through information, images and by reference to comparisons and distinctions, and ultimately, describes the evolution of art in space and time. At the same time, the social, economic and cultural contexts of the birth of art are noted and the "changing" position of the artist and his audience is illustrated. Finally, the pictorial evidence is used in order to make the “image” of the environment, where the art is born, more visible and in order to clarify the context of artworks.
With the successful completion of the course, student will be able to use the acquired knowledge of this short journey into societies and cultures, to become, also, more aware of modern reality, assisted by the science of history and other relevant social sciences. At the same time student will be able to reach a general supervision of art, following a period of art in such a way that it is possible for him/her. In addition, he/she will deal with periods, rhythms, names and social affinities of art.
Week #1: The History in the Modern Age - Social and Cultural History - Cultural and Linguistic Turn to History
Week #2: The vocabulary of culture and its variants - The relation of culture to other human sciences
Week #3: History and culture - The structures of cultures
Week #4: Culture and art - Art and artists
Week #5: Prehistoric and primitive human, Egypt, Mesopotamia, Crete/Greece (7th - 5th B.C.)
Week #6: Greece and the Greek world (4th B.C. - 1st A.D.) - Romans, Buddhists, Jews, Christians (1st - 4th cent. AD) - Rome and Byzantium
Week #7: Non-European Cultures [Islam / China]: Cultural references and approaches - "Waiting for the East".
Week #8: The mission of church [12th century] - The triumphant church (13th century)
Week #9: Courtiers and Bourgeois – A new reality (14th - 15th cent.)
Week #10: Tradition and renewal (15th century)
Week #11: Harmony, light and color (16th century: Tuscany, Rome, Venice, Northern Italy / Catholic Europe)
Week #12: Seeking new standards (19th century)
Week #13: Comparative - recapitulative observations on realities and developments in art
- F. Braudel, Γραμματική των Πολιτισμών, ΜΙΕΤ 2003, E.H. Gombrich, Το Χρονικό της Τέχνης, ΜΙΕΤ 2012.
- Suggested literature:
- Στ. Παπαδόπουλος, Ανθρωπολογικά Μουσειολογικά Μικρά Μελετήματα, Πολιτιστικό Ίδρυμα Ομίλου Πειραιώς 2003
- Ν. Elias, Η διαδικασία του πολιτισμού. Μια ιστορία της κοινωνικής συμπεριφοράς στη Δύση, εκδ. Αλεξάνδρεια 1997
- F. Braudel / M. Aymard / F. Coarelli, Η Μεσόγειος: Ο χώρος και η ιστορία, εκδ. Αλεξάνδρεια, 1990
- Α. Dalby, Σειρήνια δείπνα. Η Ιστορία της διατροφής και της γαστρονομίας στην Ελλάδα, Πανεπιστημιακές Εκδόσεις Κρήτης 2000
- M. Foucault, Η ιστορία της τρέλας, Ηριδανός 2004
- M. Foucault, Η ιστορία της σεξουαλικότητας [3 τόμοι], Πλέθρον, 2011,
- Π. Πιζάνιας, Χρόνοι των ανθρώπων, Αλεξάνδρεια 2002,
- J. Horst-Waldemar, J.F. Anthony, Ιστορία της τέχνης –Η δυτική παράδοση, ΙΩΝ 2011.
Lectures using new technologies / Laboratory methods for the preparation of work
Written examination - Written assignment